フジ / Wisteria

フジ / Wisteria Backyard
フジ / Wisteria


The wisteria flowers hang down in tufts and bloom one after another. The wind shakes the flower cluster, giving it a fragrance, and it is graceful and supple. It has been a symbol of women since ancient times.

【仮名】フジ, ノダフジ, ヤマフジ
【和名】藤, 野田藤, 山藤
【誕生】04/ 05, 04/ 29, 05/ 21, 05/ 31
【開花】04, 05月
【花色】White, Pink, Violet, Yellow
















Wisteria native

The wisteria is a vine deciduous tree of the leguminous family. Origins are Asia, North America and Europe. In Japan, it is distributed in Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu. It grows naturally on low mountains, forest edges of flatlands, and cliffs. For cultivation, vines crawl on shelves and walls in parks and gardens to appreciate the flower clusters. The name of the flower is that the wind scatters the flowers, so it seems that “Fukichiru: spraying” has changed to “Fuji: wisteria”.

Wisteria flower cluster

The wisteria flowers are tufted and droop. It blooms one after another from the base to the tip and gives off a fragrance. The flowers are made with one flag valve with a nectar guide on the top, two boat valves (keel valves) on the bottom, and two wing valves on the side. It is a so-called butterfly-shaped flower. As it is an edible flower, it can be used for pickles in syrup, salads, tempura, etc. After the flowers, big legumes hang down.

Wisteria seeds

The wisteria legumes are housed in thick pericarp seeds. When ripe, the pericarp becomes woody and hard, and when it dries in winter, it dehiscences to the left and right. The left and right sides are twisted, and the seeds inside are scattered vigorously. The seeds contain alkaloid-based and toxic “cytisine”. There is a risk of poisoning if you eat it.

Wisteria foliage

When the vines wrap around the standing tree, the foliage of the wisteria runs up and grows to cover it. Spread the leaves to block sunlight, tighten the trunk with vines, and inhibit the growth of trees. That can cause the tree to die. Originally, “Fuji” is a Chinese character that means all vines. It soon came to mean only the wisteria.

Type of Wisteria

There are mainly two types of the wisteria. “Noda Fuji” grows naturally mainly in Honshu. Although the flowers are small, the hanging flower clusters are long, so they continue to bloom one after another. The entwined vines are counterclockwise. “Yama Fuji” grows naturally in western Japan. The flowers are large and the flower clusters are short, so they bloom together without any gaps. The vines are clockwise.

Representation of Wisteria

The wisteria flowers are fragrant and graceful. Therefore, it has been a symbol of beautiful women since ancient times. Sei Shonagon wrote in her essay “The Pillow Book” that “a deeply colored flower cluster, a long-blooming wisteria flower, hangs on a pine tree.” Here, pine is a symbol of a powerful man. In other words, it represents a graceful woman snuggling up to a strong man.